History - Problem's description
Perama is a 40,000 people town, in West Attiki.
It is isolated being in the west side of Egaleo mountain, facing the sea and is among
the sea storage facilities of petrol and oil and the storage facilities of toxic products of
the Piraeus Port Organization.
To the district are also reflected nuisances from the wastewater biologic treatment plant of Attiki
sewage in the island of Psytalia.
The Egaleo mountain had a central role in the history and tradition since it has served as
the throne of the golden-dressed king of Persia Xerxis when watching the destruction of
his fleet by the Athenians at the legendary battle of Salamis.
The Egaleo mountain has been used as a disposal center for the city wastes for the last 21
years, which solely constitute foreign material for the mountain. When it rains heavily
this material is flushed as sludge polluting the inhabitant surroundings.
Today, Egaleo mountain is burned, has deteriorated and has become rocky, a limestone
rock of high volume and dimensions. It has turned to a huge thermal capacitor, reflecting
thermal energy to the communities it shadows, contributing thus significantly to the
greenhouse effect conditions prevailing in Attiki.
It makes a rocky mass of 5,000 hectares in a central position
and connects the communities with the Thriassian Plain and
the incoming and outcoming traffic of Athens and influences severely the ecological
conditions of the west communities of Athens. Therefore, any attempt for plantation
needs to start from the heart of the mountainous area, which is the plantation of the
The rainfall received is in accordance to the prevailing climatic conditions and 100 to 150
days of rain / year is considered to be a dry period for the area.
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